It All Starts with the Microphone from Heil Sound is a primer that describes the differences between the many kinds of microphones. From condensers, omnidirectional, and dynamics, to electrets and ribbons, this small book contains an examination of how each one works and is best used.
It also describes mic techniques: how to set them up, at what distance from the source they should be placed, and how they capture sound since each type will reproduce the sound differently. As the book states, there is a difference between hearing and listening.
Microphone characteristics ranging from proximity effects to frequency response are also discussed. Supporting all this information are charts and simple diagrams that illustrate basic recording principles and theory. The book also takes into consideration live versus recording environments and how microphones affect the final product.
Additionally, it gives you all the ins and outs, pluses and minuses of all types of mics. It will show and teach you when to use and when not to use each type of microphone.